Wine is a common term that is widely known through out the world, wine is a very simple drink its is usually fermented from grapes for the product of an alcoholic infusion. Although grapes are the most popular ingredient with making wine they are not the only product that can be used, there are so many diverse sources for wine creation these include rice (sake), various fruits (elderberry, grapefruit, cherry, etc.), barley, and even honey (mead).
To make everything simple with will touch mostly on the wines that are made from grapes alone. These are all put into their separate categories these are Taste, Method of fermentation, vinification and vintage. Quite a lot of unsuspecting wine consumers out there would not really care for the small differences to such categories, after all the majority of wine drinkers only go by the wine taste.
Although for many of you perfectionists out there wine is your heart and soul. Their wines must always meet the highest expectations everything must be spot on, the variety of the grape, the taste and vintage must all meet the highest standard before serious wine connoisseur's will consider purchasing a bottle. Vinification Vinification is the process by which grape juice is fermented into wine. The process of fermentation determines how the wine turns out and it is this quality that determines the price.
The 1 mistake made by the early wine drinkers is that the juice from the grapes varies; this isn't the case as juice from either grape is colourless. What does determine the color of the wine is whether the grape skins have been fermented with the wine or were they left out, red wines are fermented with there skins on and with white wine the skins have been left off and as for rose wine, well it is just a combination of the two wines Sparkling wines and champagne are carbonated, this is where carbon dioxide is enter into the mix, this process is achieved by fermenting the grape juice twice. The 1st fermentation takes place in opened vats this allows all the C02 to be released.
Then for the 2nd fermentation the vats are closed, this has the effect of keeping all the carbon dioxide in and mixed with the wine. Taste Most wines are described as dry, off-dry, fruity, or sweet. This is a direct result of the amount of sugar that is left over after the fermentation process has ended, Dry wine has very little sugar content, while a sweeter wine has a higher sugar content.
Past this basic taste testing, wine tasting enthusiasts have came up with a good method of classing wine, this would entail more levels of taste and the different smells that the wine releases. Most wine drinkers who are less up to date on their wines have a difficult time comprehending this, but for those of you who are knowledgeable in the wine field think the ability to be able to tell the subtlest of differences to a wine to be a good achievement. As a good example, Cabernet Sauvignon which is loved everywhere around the world has been said to taste of currants, tobacco, chocolate and mint.
Vintage Vintage is a straight forward classification when wine is concerned, this refers to the year of the grapes harvest from which the wine was produced. This is very important as a lot of wine makers have very well producing grape harvests only in particular years. In addition to this the very finest grapes are specially set aside to be used in the making of special vintage bottles. You then reap the best quality wine from the good harvest that year.
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